Critics challenge the Bible's teaching that God created the heavens and the earth only six thousand years ago because it conflicts with conventional wisdom that (a) the speed of light is universal, and (b) the radius of the visible Universe is nearly 14 billion lightyears. How could the Universe be only 6,000 years old if light from distant galaxies has been in route to us at constant velocity for many billions of years?
(By the way, secular cosmologists have their own light-time problem, one for which they invented an "inflationary period," in which the universe underwent an extremely rapid exponential expansion, MANY times faster than the speed of light).
John R. Baumgardner, Ph.D. Geophysics and Space Physics, will * give a presentation, titled RATE REVISITED: RADIOISOTOPE EVIDENCE THAT THE EARTH IS YOUNG
Nuclear decay of uranium generates stable daughter elements lead and helium. The Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth (RATE) project (1997-2005) carefully measured the rate at which helium migrates through the mineral zircon. These measurements showed that at temperatures typical of the Earth’s surface, even tiny fractions of the helium generated by uranium decay cannot be retained for millions or billions of years. Yet zircons from a 4 km deep drill core into the granite crust in New Mexico were found to contain up to 80% of the helium produced from 1.5 billion years’ worth of uranium to lead decay—at presently observed decay rates—still present inside them. This was one of three prominent lines of radioisotope evidence studied by the RATE team that nuclear decay rates have not been constant during earth history but instead have been orders of magnitude higher during brief episodes in the past. A second powerful line of evidence that pointed to this same conclusion involved microscopic spherical patterns of radiation damage in rocks known as a radiohalos. While radiohalos produced by U-238 decay are well understood, radiohalos produced by the element polonium are not. Since their discovery early in the 20 th century, polonium radiohalos have been viewed as an unexplained enigma within the scientific world. Two major reasons are (1) the half-lives of polonium isotopes are so short—3 minutes, 64 micro-seconds, and 138 days for Po-218, Po-214, and Po-210 and (2) the halos contain no tiny crystal at their center able to host the original polonium. The RATE team isolated and photographed a total of 31,000 radiohalos from 50 granite formations around the world. Of this total, 19,000 were formed exclusively by polonium decay. The geological context in which these Po halos occur, mostly in the cores of cooling granite magma bodies, imply that they were formed in a short span of time. This research also requires a brief episode of exceedingly rapid nuclear decay. Episodes of extremely high rates of nuclear decay documented by the RATE team imply that (1) dates provided by standard radioisotope methods are in error by large factors and (2) the true age of the Earth is only a few thousands of years instead of billions.
February 4, 2023
Program to be determined.
FEBRUARY 18, 2023
John R. Baumgardner, Ph.D. Geophysics and Space Physics, will * give a presentation, titled RATE REVISITED: C-14 EVIDENCE THAT THE EARTH IS YOUNG
Carbon-14, with a half-life of only 5,730 years, is generally applied only to carbon-containing samples at or near the Earth’s surface. It rarely is applied to samples from deeper within the Earth’s since in most cases other radioisotope methods, which use isotopes with long half-lives and are suitable only for igneous rocks, give ages of millions to billions of years. An issue for C-14 dating is the small relative abundance of C-14 relative to C-12 in today’s atmosphere, of only about one C-14 atom for every 1.2 trillion non-radioactive C-12 atoms. This makes it impossible with the best technology today to measure C-14 levels beyond about 17.5 half-lives, or 100,000 years of C-14 decay. When accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) technology was introduced in the 1980’s, it was expected that the dating limit would be extended from 50,000 years to nearly 100,000 years. It was shocking when researchers discovered that essentially all carbon-bearing samples they tested, even from deep in the rock record, consistently gave C-14 ages significantly less than 100,000 years. The RATE team confirmed this result with ten coal samples from Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic settings. They also demonstrated that diamonds likewise display C-14 levels well above the C-14 measurement threshold. They showed that a recent episode of rapid nuclear decay readily accounts for this unexpected radiocarbon throughout the rock record. Episodes of extremely high rates of nuclear decay, as documented by the RATE team, imply that (1) dates provided by standard radioisotope methods are in error by large factors and (2) the true age of the Earth is only a few thousands of years instead of billions. This talk will also summarize many of the examples of excellent soft tissue preservation in fossils that support the reality of the Genesis Flood as well as a young age for the earth.
date to be determined
John C. Sanford, Ph.D. will speak on a topic to be determined. About our speaker: (The following biography is borrowed and modified from www.amazon.com/Genetic-Entropy-John-C-Sanford/dp/0981631606.) Dr. John Sanford was a Cornell University Professor for more than 30 years. He received his PhD from the University of Wisconsin in the area of plant breeding and plant genetics. While a professor at Cornell, John trained graduate students and conducted genetic research at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, NY.
At Cornell, John bred new crop varieties using conventional breeding and then became heavily involved in the newly-emerging field of plant genetic engineering. John has published over 100 scientific publications and has been granted several dozen patents. His most significant scientific contributions during the first half of his career involved three inventions: the biolistic ("gene gun") process, pathogen-derived resistance, and genetic immunization. A large fraction of the transgenic crops (in terms of numbers and acreage) grown in the world today were genetically engineered using the gene gun technology developed by John and his collaborators. This work came from John's heartfelt desire to end world hunger. Today, the Smithsonian Institute displays Dr. Sanford's gene gun prototype. John also started two biotech enterprises derived from his research, Biolistics, Inc., and Sanford Scientific, Inc.
John organized a collaboration with Drs. John R. Baumgardner, Wesley H. Brewer, Paul Gibson, and Walter J. ReMine in to develop "Mendel's Accountant," an advanced numerical simulation program for modeling genetic change over time. MENDEL is a genetic accounting program that allows realistic numerical simulation of the mutation/selection process over time. It is available for free download at http://mendelsaccount.sourceforge.net/.
With the proceeds of his successes as an inventor, John retired early, but continued to hold a position at Cornell (Courtesy Associate Professor), where he organized the 2011 symposium, BIOLOGICAL INFORMATION - NEW PERSPECTIVES. He then co-edited the symposium's 563 page Proceedings. Later, he authored a highly compressed synopsis with commentary on each of the symposium's 24 papers. John started a small non-profit organization, Feed My Sheep Foundation (FMS), and co-founded Logos Research Associates, a fellowship of scholars and scientists dedicated to the proposition that "Good science affirms Scripture." Through FMS and LogosRA, John has organized and conducted research in the areas of theoretical genetics and bioinformatics, and in geology. He has authored and co-authored three additional books: Genetic Entropy, Contested Bones, and The Sexual Holocaust.
*Subject to James 4:13-15 - " . . . For ye ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this, or that."