About our speakers: Dr. Gay Zambrona is a 1991 graduate of the Ohio State University School of Veterinary Medicine. She fulfilled an externship at the London Zoo. She has been practicing full-time small animal and exotics medicine in the Long Beach/West Orange County area since 1991. She has also held part-time clinical and consulting positions in laboratory animal medicine for 15 years. Husband Dan Zambrano has a B.S. in Marine Biology from Cal State Long Beach. He is a Licensed Registered Veterinary Technician. He has worked at Cabrillo Aquarium, the Los Angeles Harbor Dept., California State Fish & Game Dept., and the L.A. Zoo before partnering in the mobile veterinary practice with his wife.
Both Dan and Gay are Ordained Pastors in the Free Methodist Church. They love teaching and preaching the Word of God to people of ALL AGES. They have worked with students from 4th & 5 th graders, through High School, College, and beyond!
September 3, 2022
Joseph Kezele, M.D., will give a presentation * titled, "WHERE DID THOSE THOUSANDS OFLANGUAGES COME FROM?" About our speaker: Joseph Kezele, MD, studied the sciences and music at the University of Arizona, while earning his B.A. in Russian in 1971, and his M.D. in 1975. He then completed a Pediatric Residency and practiced Emergency Medicine for 25 years in the Phoenix area, and was a diplomate of the American Board of Emergency Medicine and fellow of the American College of Emergency Physicians. He is now retired from the practice of medicine, serves as President of the Arizona Origin Science Association, overseeing six creation science chapters throughout Arizona. He is Associate Professor at Arizona Christian University in Phoenix, teaching Human Genetics, Cell and Molecular Biology, Pathophysiology, Organic Chemistry and Creation Science Apologetics. Dr, Kezele has also been named a Logos Research Associate. He serves as Chairman of Deacons and teaches Creation Science Evangelism at Black Mountain Baptist Church in Cave Creek, Arizona. He has participated in over 21 foreign mission trips, teaching medicine, standard evangelism and creation science evangelism in India, Zambia, Mexico, Russia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Ukraine, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Armenia. Dr. Kezele is one of the principle presenters in the Institute for Creation Research’s 4 DVD series, " Made in His Image". Four years ago, he returned to the Ukraine for three intense weeks of teaching Creation Science Apologetics and Evangelism as part of the activities prompted by the proclamation of the President of the Ukraine recognizing the 500th anniversary of Martin Luther's sparking the Reformation in Germany.
Dr. Kezele is a Logos Research Associate. He is also a Fellow of the Creation Research Society.
dECEMBER 3, 2022
Jerry Bergman, Ph.D. (Human Biology); Ph.D. (Measurement and Evaluation); M.S.O.H. (Occupational Health); M.P.H. M.P.H. (Public Health); M.S.B.S. (Biomedical Science); M.A. (Social Psychology); M.Ed. (Counseling and psychology); B.S., (Sociology, Biology, Psychology); A.A. (Biology, Behavioral Science) will give* a presentation, topic to be determined. About our speaker: (The following excerpt from anotherwebsite -creation.com/dr-jerry-bergmanwebsite - is antiquated and in need of substantial updating. Dr. Bergman now has more than 100 publications to his name, including numerous books he has authored since the time this excerpt was posted.): Jerry Bergman has taught biology, genetics, chemistry, biochemistry, anthropology, geology, and microbiology at Northwest State College in Archbold OH for over 25 years. He has 9 degrees, including 7 graduate (= ‘post-graduate’ in some non-US systems) degrees. Dr Bergman is a graduate of Medical College of Ohio, Wayne State University in Detroit, The University of Toledo, and Bowling Green State University. He has over 800 publications in 12 languages and 20 books and monographs. He has also taught at the Medical College of Ohio where he was a research associate in the department of experimental pathology, and he also taught 6 years at the University of Toledo, and 7 years at Bowling Green State University. Among his books is a monograph on peer evaluation published by the College Student Journal Press, a Fastback on the creation-evolution controversy published by Phi Delta Kappa, a book on vestigial organs with Dr George Howe (‘Vestigial Organs’ are Fully Functional), a book on psychology and religious cults, a book on religious discrimination published by Onesimus Press, and a book on mental health published by Claudius Verlag in München. He has also published a college textbook on evaluation (Boston, Houghton Mifflin Co.), and has contributed to dozens of other textbooks. He was also a consultant for over 20 science text books, mostly biology and biochemistry. Dr Bergman has presented over one hundred scientific papers at professional and community meetings in the United States, Canada, and Europe. To discuss his research, he has been a featured speaker on many college campuses throughout the United States and Europe, and is a frequent guest on radio and television programs. His research has made the front page in newspapers throughout the country, has been featured by the Paul Harvey Show several times, and has been discussed by David Brinkley, Chuck Colson, and other nationally known commentators on national television. His other work experience includes over ten years experience at various Mental Health/Psychology clinics as a licensed professional clinical counselor and three years full time corrections research for a large county circuit court in Michigan and inside the walls of Jackson Prison (SPSM), the largest walled prison in the world. He has also served as a consultant for CBS News, ABC News, Reader’s Digest, Amnesty International, several government agencies and for two Nobel Prize winners, including the inventor of the transistor. In the past decade he has consulted or has testified as an expert witness or consultant in almost one-hundred court cases. A Fellow of the American Scientific Association, member of The National Association for the Advancement of Science, and many other professional associations, he is listed in Who’s Who in America, Who’s Who in the Midwest and in Who’s Who in Science and Religion. Education
M.S.O.H. (Master of Science in Occupational Health), Medical College of Ohio, Toledo, Ohio, 2004.
M.P.H. M.P.H. (Master of Science in Public Health), Northwest Ohio Consortium for Public Health (Medical College of Ohio, Toledo, Ohio; University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio; Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio), 2001.
M.S.B.S. (Master of Science in Biomedical Science), Medical College of Ohio, Toledo, Ohio, 1999.
Ph.D. in human biology, Columbia Pacific University, San Rafael, California, 1992.
M.A. in social psychology, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio, 1986.
Ph.D. in measurement and evaluation, minor in psychology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, 1976.
M.Ed. in counseling and psychology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, 1971.
B.S., Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, 1970. Major area of study was sociology, biology, and psychology.
A.A. in Biology and Behavioral Science, Oakland Community College, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, 1967.
Fellow of the American Scientific Affiliation, 1983
Who’s Who in America
Ohio certification to teach both elementary and high school levels
Professional membershipsDr Bergman is or was active in the following organizations:
National Association for Gifted Children
American Educational Research Association
National Council on Measurement in Education
American Sociological Association
American Psychological Association
Ohio Psychological Association
Association for the Scientific Study of Religion
American Association of Suicidology
Institute of Religion and Health
American Society of Corrections
The Professional Organizations that Dr Bergman is now a member of and/or involved in, include:
Ohio Science Teachers Association.
American Biology Teachers Association.
The American Scientific Affiliation.
The American Association for the Advancement of Science.
The American Association for the History of Science
American Chemical Society
American Institute of Biological Sciences.
Ohio Academy of Science
American Institute of Chemists
New York Academy of Sciences
The New York Museum of Natural History
Other professional memberships
Society for the Scientific Study of Male Psychology and Physiology, President and Founder
Radio, video tapes, and television showsDr Bergman has appeared on approximately 200 radio shows and 14 television shows for various Public Television and other stations. His research has been featured several times on the Paul Harvey Show, and once by David Brinkley. ArticlesHis articles on creation include:
John C. Sanford, Ph.D. will speak on a topic to be determined. About our speaker: (The following biography is borrowed and modified from www.amazon.com/Genetic-Entropy-John-C-Sanford/dp/0981631606.) Dr. John Sanford was a Cornell University Professor for more than 30 years. He received his PhD from the University of Wisconsin in the area of plant breeding and plant genetics. While a professor at Cornell, John trained graduate students and conducted genetic research at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, NY.
At Cornell, John bred new crop varieties using conventional breeding and then became heavily involved in the newly-emerging field of plant genetic engineering. John has published over 100 scientific publications and has been granted several dozen patents. His most significant scientific contributions during the first half of his career involved three inventions: the biolistic ("gene gun") process, pathogen-derived resistance, and genetic immunization. A large fraction of the transgenic crops (in terms of numbers and acreage) grown in the world today were genetically engineered using the gene gun technology developed by John and his collaborators. This work came from John's heartfelt desire to end world hunger. Today, the Smithsonian Institute displays Dr. Sanford's gene gun prototype. John also started two biotech enterprises derived from his research, Biolistics, Inc., and Sanford Scientific, Inc.
John organized a collaboration with Drs. John R. Baumgardner, Wesley H. Brewer, Paul Gibson, and Walter J. ReMine in the development of "Mendel's Accountant," an advanced numerical simulation program for modeling genetic change over time. MENDEL is a genetic accounting program that allows realistic numerical simulation of the mutation/selection process over time. It is available for free download at http://mendelsaccount.sourceforge.net/.
John retired early, but continued to hold a position at Cornell (Courtesy Associate Professor), where he organized the 2011 symposium, BIOLOGICAL INFORMATION - NEW PERSPECTIVES, and co-edited its 563 page Proceedings. Later, he authored a highly compressed synopsis with commentary on each of the symposium's 24 papers. John started a small non-profit organization, Feed My Sheep Foundation (FMS), and co-founded Logos Research Associates, a fellowship of scholars and scientists dedicated to the proposition that "Good science affirms Scripture." Through FMS and LogosRA, John has organized and conducted research in the areas of theoretical genetics and bioinformatics, and in geology. He has authored and co-authored three additional books: Genetic Entropy, Contested Bones, and The Sexual Holocaust.
dates to be determined
John R. Baumgardner, Ph.D., has agreed to deliver a series of lectures, titles to be determined.
About our speaker: Education Ph.D. Geophysics & Space Physics, 1983 - University of California, Los Angeles M.S. Geophysics & Space Physics, 1981 - University of California, Los Angeles M.S. Electrical Engineering, 1970 - Princeton University B.S. Electrical Engineering, 1968 - Texas Tech University John R. Baumgardner Professional Positions Liberty University, Research Professor Emeritus, School of Engineering, 4/2019-present Logos Research Associates, Vice President and Senior Research Associate, 10/2008-present. Southern California Seminary, El Cajon, California, Adjunct Faculty, 3/2014-4/2018. Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany, Adjunct Research Scientist, 01/2011 to 01/2014. Institute for Creation Research, Associate Professor of Geophysics, 1/05-6/08. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Division, Technical Staff Member, 2/84 to 6/04. Rockwell International, Rocketdyne Division, Laser Dept., Member of Technical Staff, 6/78-1/84. Campus Crusade for Christ, Campus Ministry Staff, 7/75-6/78. U. S. Air Force, Air Force Weapons Lab, Laser Division, Kirtland AFB, NM, Project Officer, 1/71-5/75.
Brief Personal History After graduating from high school, I obtained a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering from Texas Tech and then a master’s degree in electrical engineering from Princeton. But the most significant happening in my life before or since was my conversion to Christ through a verse-by-verse study of the gospel of John in a college Sunday school class in 1970. I liken this event to a curtain being pulled back on a dimension of reality I had earlier not even suspected to exist. Christ has since made my life an incredibly exciting and fulfilling experience—way beyond anything I otherwise might have imagined.
Soon after my conversion I began a four-year tour of active duty in the U. S. Air Force, a time of exciting and deep spiritual growth. A desire for Christian ministry then led me to join the campus ministry of Campus Crusade for Christ. Grieved by the deliberate use of evolution to assault and destroy the faith of Christian college students that I observed on the campus where I served, I began to present classroom lectures and evening forums to expose evolution’s fraudulent claims. In researching issues relating to the Genesis Flood and earth history in preparation for some of these events, I realized that Noah’s Flood logically involved planetary scale tectonic catastrophe. This awareness prompted me to leave Campus Crusade in 1978 to begin a Ph.D. program in geophysics at UCLA to obtain the training and credentials specifically to address the problem of the mechanism of the Genesis Flood at a professional scientific level. My Ph.D. thesis research involved the development of a 3-D spherical finite element model for the earth’s mantle, a program now known as TERRA. Most of this thesis research I conducted at Los Alamos National Laboratory. I completed my Ph.D. from UCLA in geophysics and space physics in 1983.
Between 1984 and 2004 I served as a staff scientist in the Theoretical Division at Los Alamos where, in addition to other computational fluid dynamics research, I was able to continue my research in planetary mantle dynamics, including the potential for catastrophic mantle overturn. I have presented my research results on catastrophic plate tectonics as the mechanism for Noah’s Flood at seven International Conferences on Creationism held in Pittsburgh beginning in 1986. Between 1997 and 2005 I served as a member of the Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth (RATE) team that uncovered strong radioisotope evidence that the earth is thousands, not billions, of years old. One such line of evidence is the retention in zircon crystals in granite of more than a billion years’ worth, at present rates of decay, of radiogenic helium. Diffusion limits the lifetime of helium in these zircon crystals to only a few thousand years. Another line of evidence for a youthful earth was our discovery of C-14 in natural diamond.
Between 2005 and 2008 I served as a full-time staff scientist at the Institute for Creation Research in Santee, California. Much of my work there involved, as part of a small team, the development of Mendel’s Accountant, a state-of-the-art population genetics program for studying issues of mutation and selection in natural populations. This software shows, with no room for uncertainty, that natural selection does not and cannot deliver the miraculous results that evolutionists routinely attribute to it. Since 2008 I have been a senior research associate with Logos Research Associates (http://www.logosresearchassociates.org) where I continue to research topics relating to earth history and Scripture. In addition, from 2014 to 2018 I served as an adjunct faculty member at Southern California Seminary located in El Cajon, California, in its Center for Creation Studies. I currently serve as research professor emeritus in the School of Engineering at Liberty University. My wife Mary and I reside near Lynchburg, Virginia.
Highlights of My Technical Career • As a project officer during four years of active duty at the Air Force Weapons Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM, I had responsibilities in the design of the resonator optics for a large, classified CO2 gas dynamics laser that was later built and flown in the Airborne Laser Laboratory, a refitted KC-135 aircraft. As part of this effort I developed a 3D optics/power extraction code that solved the gas kinetics rate equations in the supersonic flow where the lasing and power extraction occurred and computed the optical quality of output beam as affected by shocks in the supersonic flow. The laser performed according to specs and successfully demonstrated the capability from an airborne platform to destroy incoming missiles.
• As part of my Ph.D. thesis research at UCLA I developed the 3-D spherical code now known as TERRA for modeling the dynamics of planetary mantles. This code utilized the then newly discovered multigrid method for solving the large elliptic systems of equations arising in this application. The efficiency of multigrid plus the advantages of the almost uniform icosahedral grid made such 3-D calculations feasible for the first time. This code was the first 3-D spherical code of its kind and continues almost 30 years later to be the state of the art and used by several research groups around the world. One example is the research collaboration with Prof. Uwe Walzer and his geodynamics group at Friedrich Schiller University in Jena, Germany. The many diverse applications of TERRA by this group and the resulting publications may be found at www.geodyn.uni-jena.de. Another example of TERRA’s ongoing application is the research by Prof. Hans-Peter Bunge and his geodynamics group at Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich, Germany. Their publications can be found at https://www.geophysik.uni-muenchen.de/Members/bunge.
• During my 20 years in a computational fluid dynamics research group at Los Alamos National Laboratory, I was one of the main developers of the Pagosa code, a massively parallel multi-material Eulerian code that tracked material interfaces cell by cell in a robust high-order manner. The unique ability of this code at that time to treat a DOE mission-critical weapons application earned our team a Distinguished Performance Award in 1991.
• While at Los Alamos, I assisted the German Weather Service 1995-1999 in applying icosahedral grid techniques for modeling fluid flow on the sphere to the task of developing their next-generation weather forecast model named GME, a model that became operational in 2000 and is currently used in more than 20 countries.
• In 1996 I was part of a team of earth scientists who wrote a successful proposal for NASA’s High Performance Computing and Communication Initiative Round 2. This $1.3M award supported TERRA research from 1997-2000 and significantly advanced TERRA’s abilities. TERRA readily achieved NASA’s Round 2 massively parallel computing benchmarks.
• Also at Los Alamos, I was part of the ocean modeling team that developed the POP global ocean model, which is the ocean component of the NCAR Community Climate System Model, one of the two main U.S. climate models.
• During my tenure at Los Alamos, I supervised several graduate students who utilized my Terra mantle dynamics code for their Ph.D. thesis research.
• After retirement from Los Alamos, I have collaborated with Dr. John Sanford, a Cornell geneticist, to develop a state-of-the-art population genetics program named Mendel’s Accountant. I have also advised additional graduate students who have utilized the Terra software in their Ph.D. thesis research. In addition I have undertaken research into the manner that rapid plate tectonics during the Genesis Flood likely generated tens of thousands of giant tsunamis that played a key role in the erosion, transport, and deposition of the fossil-bearing sediment layers that blanket the continents today.
• Over 80 peer-reviewed publications. Selected Publications H. E. Cho, Y. Hammi, A. L. Bowman, S. Karato, J. R. Baumgardner, M. F. Horstemeyer, “A unified static and dynamic recrystallization Internal State Variable (ISV) constitutive model coupled with grain size evolution for metals and mineral aggregates,” International Journal of Plasticity, 112, pp. 123-157, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijplas.2018.08.009, 2019. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749641918303139
J. Baumgardner, “Understanding how the Flood sediment record was formed: The role of large tsunamis,” in Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Creationism, J. H. Whitmore, ed., pp. 287–305, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Creation Science Fellowship, 2018. https://digitalcommons.cedarville.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1020&context=icc_proceedings
N. Cho, J. Baumgardner, J.A. Sherburn, and M.F. Horstemeyer, “Numerical investigation of strength-reducing mechanisms of mantle rock during the Genesis Flood,” in Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Creationism, J. H. Whitmore, ed., pp. 707–730, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Creation Science Fellowship, 2018. https://digitalcommons.cedarville.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1067&context=icc_proceedings T. G. Tenev, J. Baumgardner, and M. F. Horstemeyer, “A solution for the distant starlight problem using creation time coordinates,” in Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Creationism, J. H. Whitmore, ed., pp. 82-94. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Creation Science Fellowship, 2018. https://digitalcommons.cedarville.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1017&context=icc_proceedings
J. Sanford, R. Carter, W. Brewer, J. Baumgardner, B. Potter, and J. Potter, “Adam and Eve, designed diversity, and allele frequencies,” in Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Creationism, J. H. Whitmore, ed., pp. 200–216. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Creation Science Fellowship, 2018. https://digitalcommons.cedarville.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1079&context=icc_proceedings
J. Baumgardner, “Numerical modeling of the large-scale erosion, sediment transport, and deposition processes of the Genesis Flood,” Answers Research Journal 11:149–170, 2018 https://assets.answersingenesis.org/doc/articles/pdf-versions/arj/v11/numerical-modeling-sediment-transport.pdf
J. R. Baumgardner and J. D. Lyon, “A linguistic argument for God’s existence,” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 58/4 771–786, 2015. http://media.wix.com/ugd/a704d4_87dbd5d9be6944618e01950af43559e3.pdf J. Sanford, W. Brewer, F. Smith and J. Baumgardner, “The waiting time problem in a model hominin population,” Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling 12:18, 2015. https://tbiomed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12976-015-0016-z
J. A. Sherburn, J. R. Baumgardner, and M. F. Horstemeyer, “New material model reveals inherent tendency in mantle minerals for runaway mantle dynamics,” in Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Creationism, M. Horstemeyer, editor, Creation Science Fellowship, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA, 2013. http://media.wix.com/ugd/a704d4_131cfb5ab517b7c4f5c9ee0fab5ca351.pdf
J. R. Baumgardner, W. H. Brewer, and J. C. Sanford, “Can synergistic epistasis halt mutation accumulation? Results from numerical simulation,” in Biological Information: New Perspectives, R. J. Marks II, M. J. Behe, W. A. Dembski, B. L. Gordon, and J.C. Sanford, editors, World Scientific, Singapore, 312-337, 2013. http://marksmannet.com/RobertMarks/REPRINTS/BINP/9789814508728_0013.pdf
W. H. Brewer, J. R. Baumgardner, and J. C. Sanford, “Using numerical simulation to test the ‘mutation-count’ hypothesis,” in Biological Information: New Perspectives, R. J. Marks II, M. J. Behe, W. A. Dembski, B. L. Gordon, and J.C. Sanford, editors, World Scientific, Singapore, 298-311, 2013. http://robertmarks.org/REPRINTS/BINP/9789814508728_0012.pdf
J. C. Sanford, J.R. Baumgardner, W. H. Brewer, “Selection threshold severely constrains capture of beneficial mutations,” in Biological Information: New Perspectives, R. J. Marks II, M. J. Behe, W. A. Dembski, B. L. Gordon, and J.C. Sanford, editors, World Scientific, Singapore, 264-297, 2013. http://robertmarks.org/REPRINTS/BINP/9789814508728_0011.pdf
P. Gibson, J. R. Baumgardner, W. H. Brewer, and J. C. Sanford, “Can purifying natural selection preserve biological information?” in Biological Information: New Perspectives, R. J. Marks II, M. J. Behe, W. A. Dembski, B. L. Gordon, and J. C. Sanford, editors, World Scientific, Singapore, 232-263, 2013. http://robertmarks.org/REPRINTS/BINP/9789814508728_0010.pdf
J. Baumgardner, “Global tectonics—clarity, not confusion,” Journal of Creation 27(1), 99-106, 2013. http://creation.com/images/pdfs/tj/j27_1/j27_1_99-106.pdf
J. Baumgardner, “Do radioisotope methods yield trustworthy relative ages for the earth’s rocks?” Journal of Creation 26(3), 68-75, 2012. http://creation.com/images/pdfs/tj/j26_3/j26_3_68-75.pdf
J. Baumgardner, “Is plate tectonics occurring today?” Journal of Creation 26(1), 101-105, 2012. http://creation.com/plate-tectonics-today
J. Baumgardner, “Language, complexity, and design,” in Divine Action and Natural Selection: Science, Faith and Evolution, J. Seckback and R. Gordon, eds., World Scientific, Singapore, 939-980, 2009. http://media.wix.com/ugd/a704d4_a84beb1f9e4aefec9f4f9444eeec8550.pdf
J. Baumgardner, J. Sanford, W. Brewer, P. Gibson, and W. ReMine, “Mendel’s Accountant: A new population genetics simulation tool for studying mutation and natural selection,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Creationism, A. A. Snelling, editor, Creation Science Fellowship, Pittsburgh, PA, 87-98, 2008. http://www.icr.org/i/pdf/technical/Mendels-Accountant.pdf
J. Sanford, J. Baumgardner, J. Sanford, W. Brewer, W. ReMine, and P. Gibson, “Using numerical simulation to test the validity of neo-Darwinian theory,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Creationism, A. A. Snelling, editor, Creation Science Fellowship, Pittsburgh, PA, 165-176, 2008. http://www.icr.org/i/pdf/technical/Using-Numerical-Simulation-to-Test-the-Validity-of-Neo-Darwinian-Theory.pdf
J. Sanford, J. Baumgardner, W. Brewer, P. Gibson, and W. ReMine, “Mendel's Accountant: a biologically realistic forward-time population genetics program,” Scalable Computing: Practice and Experience, 8(2), 147-165, 2007. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/220101430_Mendel's_Accountant_A_biologically_realistic_forward-time_population_genetics_program U. Walzer, R. Hendel, and J. Baumgardner, “Whole-mantle convection, continent generation, and preservation of geochemical heterogeneity,” in High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering ’07, W. Nagel, D. Kröner, and M. Resch, eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York, IBSN 978-3-540-74738-3, 603-645, 2007. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/227165432_Whole-Mantle_Convection_Continent_Generation_and_Preservation_of_Geochemical_Heterogeneity
J. Sanford, J. Baumgardner, W. Brewer, P. Gibson, and W. ReMine, “Using computer simulation to understand mutation accumulation dynamics and genetic load,” in Y. Shi et al. (eds.), ICCS 2007, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 4488, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 386-392, 2007. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/220859353_Using_Computer_Simulation_to_Understand_Mutation_Accumulation_Dynamics_and_Genetic_Load
U. Walzer, R. Hendel, and J. Baumgardner, “Continental growth and thermal convection in the Earth’s mantle,” in High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering ’06, W. Nagel, W. Jäger, and M. Resch, eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York, ISBN 978-3-540-36165-7, 473-497, 2006 K.-D. Gottschaldt, U. Walzer, R. F. Hendel, D. R. Stegman, J. R. Baumgardner, and H.-B. Muhlhaus, “Stirring in 3-d spherical models of convection in the Earth's mantle,” Philosophical Magazine, 86, 3175-3204, 2006.
J. R. Baumgardner, “14C Evidence for a Recent Global Flood and a Young Earth,” in Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth: Results of a Young-Earth Creationist Research Initiative, Volume II, L. Vardiman, A. Snelling, and E. Chaffin, eds., Institute for Creation Research, Santee, CA, 587-630, 2005. C. C. Reese, V. S. Solomatov, and J. R. Baumgardner, “Scaling laws for time-dependent stagnant lid convection in a spherical shell,” Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 149, 361-370, 2005.
U. Walzer, R. Hendel, and J. Baumgardner, “Plateness of the oceanic lithosphere and the thermal evolution of the Earth's mantle,” in High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering '05, E. Krause, W. Jäger, and M. Resch, eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York, ISBN 3540283773, 289-304, 2005.
U. Walzer, R. Hendel, and J. Baumgardner, “The effects of a variation of the radial viscosity profile on mantle evolution,” Tectonophysics, 384, 55-90, 2004.
C. C. Reese, V. S. Solomatov, J. R. Baumgardner, D. R. Stegman, and A. V. Vezolainen, “Magmatic evolution of impact-induced Martian mantle plumes and the origin of Tharsis,” J. Geophys. Res., 109, 10.1029/2003 JE002222, 2004.
U. Walzer, R. Hendel, and J. Baumgardner, “Toward a geochemical model for the evolution of the Earth’s mantle,” in High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering '04, E. Krause, W. Jäger, and M. Resch, eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York, ISBN 3-540-22943-4, 395-454, 2004.
U. Walzer, R. Hendel, and J. Baumgardner, “Generation of plate-tectonic behavior and a new viscosity profile of the Earth's mantle,” in NIC Symposium 2004 Proceedings, D. Wolf, G. Münster, and M. Kremer (eds.), NIC Series 20, 419-428., ISBN 3-00-012372-5, 2003.
J. R. Baumgardner, “Catastrophic plate tectonics: the physics behind the Genesis Flood,” in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Creationism, R. L. Ivey, Jr., Editor, Creation Science Fellowship, Pittsburgh, PA, 113-126, 2003.
D. R. Humphreys, S. A. Austin, J. R. Baumgardner, and A. A Snelling, “Helium diffusion rates support accelerated nuclear decay,” in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Creationism, R. L. Ivey, Jr., editor, Creation Science Fellowship, Pittsburgh, PA, 175-196, 2003.
L. Vardiman, S. A. Austin, J. R. Baumgardner, E. F. Chafin, D. B. DeYoung, D. R. Humphreys and A. A Snelling, “Radioisotopes and the age of the Earth,” in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Creationism, R. L. Ivey, Jr., editor, Creation Science Fellowship, Pittsburgh, PA, 337-348, 2003.
U. Walzer, R. Hendel, and J. Baumgardner, “Viscosity stratification and a 3-D compressible spherical shell model of mantle evolution”, in High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering '03, E. Krause, W. Jäger, and M. Resch, eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York, ISBN 3-540-40850-9, 27-67, 2003.
D. R. Stegman, A.M. Jellinek, S. A. Zatman, J. R. Baumgardner, and M. A. Richards, “An early lunar core dynamo driven by thermochemical mantle convection,” Nature, 421, 143-146, 2003.
M. F. Horstemeyer and J. R. Baumgardner, “What initiated the Flood cataclysm?” in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Creationism, R. L. Ivey, Jr., editor, Creation Science Fellowship, Pittsburgh, PA, 155-164, 2003.
J. R. Baumgardner, “Catastrophic plate tectonics: the geophysical context of the Genesis Flood,” “Dealing carefully with the data,” and “A constructive quest for truth,” all contributions to a “Forum on Catastrophic Plate Tectonics,” Ex Nihilo Technical Journal, 16, 57-85, 2002. (http://www.answersingenesis.org/home/area/magazines/tj/docs/16n1p57Forum.asp)
H.-P. Bunge, M. A. Richards, and J. R. Baumgardner, “Mantle-circulation models with sequential data assimilation: inferring present-day mantle structure from plate-motion histories,” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A., 360, 2545-2567, 2002.
D. A. Randall, T. D. Ringler, R. P. Heikes, P. Jones, and J. Baumgardner, “Climate Modeling with Spherical Geodesic Grids,” Computing in Science and Engineering, 4(5), 32-41, 2002.
U. Walzer, R. Hendel, and J. Baumgardner, “Variation of non-dimensional numbers and a thermal evolution model of the Earth's mantle,” in High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering '02, E. Krause and W. Jäger, eds., Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York, ISBN 3-540-43860-2, 89-103, 2002.
D. R. Stegman, M.A. Richards, and J.R. Baumgardner, Effects of depth dependent viscosity and plate motions on maintaining a relatively uniform MORB reservoir in whole mantle flow, J. Geophys. Res., 107, (B6), 2116, doi:10.1029/2001JB000192, 2002.
C. C. Reese, V. S. Solomatov, and J. R. Baumgardner, “Survival of impact-induced thermal anomalies in the Martian mantle,” J. Geophys. Res.- Planets, 107(10), 5082-5092, 2002.
D. Majewski, D. Liermann, P. Prohl, B. Ritter, M. Buchhold, T. Hanisch, G. Paul, W. Wergen, and J. Baumgardner, “The global icosahedral-hexagonal grid point model GME: Operational version and high resolution tests,” Mon. Wea. Rev., 130, 319-338, 2002.
M. A. Richards, W.-S. Yang, and J. R. Baumgardner, “The role of a low viscosity zone in stabilizing plate tectonics: implications for comparative terrestrial planetology,” Geochem., Geophys., Geosys., 2, 2001.
J. R. Baumgardner, “Distribution of Radioactive Isotopes in the Earth” in Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth: A Young Earth Creation Research Initiative, Larry Vardiman, Andrew A. Snelling, and Eugene F. Chaffin, eds., Institute for Creation Research, Santee, CA, 49-94, 2000.
J. K. Dukowicz and J. R. Baumgardner, “Incremental remapping as a transport/advection algorithm,” J. Comp. Phys., 160, 318-335, 2000.
W.-S. Yang and J. R. Baumgardner, "Matrix-dependent transfer multigrid method for strongly variable viscosity infinite Prandtl number thermal convection," Geophys. and Astrophys. Fluid Dyn., 92, 151-195, 2000.
H. R. Wenk, J. R. Baumgardner, C. N. Tome, and R. Lebensohn, "A deformation model to explain anisotropy of the inner core," J. Geophys. Res., 105, 5663-5677, 2000.
M. A. Richards, H.-P. Bunge, C. Lithgow-Bertelloni, and J. R. Baumgardner, "Mantle convection and plate motion history: Toward general circulation models," History and Dynamics of Global Plate Motions, AGU Monograph Series, 1999.
M. A. Richards, H.-P. Bunge, Y. Ricard, and J. R. Baumgardner, "Polar wandering in mantle convection models," Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 1777-1780, 1999.
H.-P. Bunge, M. A. Richards, C. Lithgow-Bertelloni, J. R. Baumgardner, S. P. Grand, and B. A. Romanowicz, "Time scales and heterogeneity structure in geodynamic earth models," Science, 280, 91-95, 1998.
Hans-Peter Bunge, Mark A. Richards, and John R. Baumgardner, "A sensitivity study of 3-D spherical mantle convection at 108 Rayleigh number: effects of depth-dependent viscosity, heating mode, and an endothermic phase change," J. Geophys. Res.,102, B6, 11991-12007, 1997.
Hans-Peter Bunge, Mark A. Richards, and John R. Baumgardner, "The effect of depth-dependent viscosity on the planform of mantle convection," Nature, 379, 436-438, 1996.
Hans-Peter Bunge and John R. Baumgardner, "Mantle convection modeling on parallel virtual machines," Computers in Physics, 9, 207-215, 1995.
S. A. Austin, J. R. Baumgardner, D. R. Humphreys, A. A. Snelling, L. Vardiman, and K. P. Wise, "Catastrophic Plate Tectonics: A Global Flood Model of Earth History," Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Creationism, Technical Symposium Sessions, R. E. Walsh, ed., Creation Science Fellowship, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA, 609-621, 1994.
J. R. Baumgardner, "Computer Modeling of the Large-Scale Tectonics Associated with the Genesis Flood," Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Creationism, Technical Symposium Sessions, R. E. Walsh, ed., Creation Science Fellowship, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA, 49-62, 1994.
J. R. Baumgardner, "Runaway Subduction as the Driving Mechanism for the Genesis Flood," Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Creationism, Technical Symposium Sessions, R. E. Walsh, ed., Creation Science Fellowship, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA, 63-75, 1994.
D. B. Kothe, J. R. Baumgardner, J. H. Cerutti, B. J. Daly, K. S. Holian, E. M. Kober, S. J. Mosso, J. W. Painter, R. D. Smith, and M. D. Torrey, "PAGOSA: A massively-parallel, multi-material hydrodynamics model for three-dimensional high-speed flow and high-rate material deformation," Proceedings of the 1993 Conference on High Performance Computing: Grand Challenges in Computer Simulation, Society for Computer Simulation, 9-14, 1993.
John R. Baumgardner, "3-D numerical investigation of the mantle dynamics associated with the breakup of Pangea," in Flow and Creep in the Solar System: Observations, Modeling, and Theory, D. B. Stone and S. K. Runcorn, eds., NATO ASI Series C, Vol. 391, 207-224, 1993.
M. A. Moreno, G. Schubert, J. Baumgardner, M. G. Kivelson, and D. A. Paige, "Io's volcanic and sublimation atmospheres," Icarus, 93, 63-81, 1991.
John R. Baumgardner, "Application of supercomputers to 3-D mantle convection," in The Physics of the Planets, S. K. Runcorn, ed., John Wiley and Sons, 199-231, 1988.
J. Baumgardner, M. A. Moreno, G. Schubert, and M. G. Kivelson, "Two classes of volcanic eruptions and their corresponding atmospheres on Io," Bull. Am. Astr. Assoc., 19(3), 856, 1987.
John R. Baumgardner, "Three-dimensional treatment of convective flow in the earth's mantle," J. Stat. Phys., 39, 501-511, 1985.
John R. Baumgardner and Paul O. Frederickson, "Icosahedral discretization of the two-sphere," SIAM J. Numer. Anal., 22, 1107-1115, 1985.
Selected Conference Abstracts D. R. Stegman, M. Jellinek, J. Baumgardner, and M. Richards, “A mantle dynamics perspective on generating an early lunar dynamo,” (abstract) Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 84, (2003 Fall Meeting Supplement), 2003.
D. R. Humphreys, J. R. Baumgardner, A. A. Snelling, and S. A. Austin, “Recently measured helium diffusion rate for zircon suggests inconsistency with U-Pb age for Fenton Hill granodiorite,” (abstract) Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 84, (2003 Fall Meeting Supplement), 2003.
J. R. Baumgardner, Y. Yamagishi, and D.R. Stegman, “Efficient visual data exploration in high-resolution global dynamical models of the Earth's mantle,” (abstract) Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 83, (2002 Fall Meeting Supplement), 2002.
J. R. Baumgardner, “3D numerical modeling of the dynamics of Earth's mantle,” Am. Phys. Soc. Four Corners Annual Meeting, Las Cruces, New Mexico, 2001.
J. R. Baumgardner, W.-S. Yang, and M. A. Richards, “The role of a low viscosity zone in stabilizing a plate tectonics style of mantle convection,” (abstract) Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 81, (2000 Fall Meeting Supplement), 2000.
J. R. Baumgardner and W.-S. Yang, “Earthlike mantle convection from relatively simple rheology,” (abstract) Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 80, (1999 Fall Meeting Supplement), F26, 1999.
M. A. Richards, W.-S. Yang, and J. R. Baumgardner, “The effectiveness of finite yield stress in obtaining platelike surface velocities,” (abstract) Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 80, (1999 Fall Meeting Supplement), F962, 1999.
D. R. Stegman, M. A. Richards, and J. R. Baumgardner, “A parallel implementation of Lagrangian tracers in TERRA,” (abstract) Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 80, (1999 Fall Meeting Supplement), F950, 1999.
C. C. Reese, V. S. Solomatov, and J. R. Baumgardner, “Impacts and the thermal evolution of Mars,” (abstract) Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 80, (1999 Fall Meeting Supplement), F618, 1999.
John R. Baumgardner, Mark A. Richards, Woo-Sun Yang, and Carolina R. Lithgow-Bertelloni, "3-D Spherical Models of Plate Motion With Laterally Varying Rheology," (abstract) Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 79, (1998 Fall Meeting Supplement), F911, 1998.
John R. Baumgardner and Woo-Sun Yang, "A finite element multigrid formulation for variable viscosity in 3-D spherical geometry," (abstract) Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 77, (Fall Meeting Supplement), F750, 1996.
J. R. Baumgardner, "Thermal runaway in the mantle" (abstract) Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 75, 687, 1994.
John Baumgardner, "3-D numerical investigation of the mantle dynamics associated with the breakup of Pangea," (abstract) Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 73, 1992 Fall Meeting Abstract Volume, 576-577, 1992.
*Subject to James 4:13-15 - " . . . For ye ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this, or that."